Andrzej W. KACZOROWSKI: Birth of the Agricultural Catholic Fellowship
Andrzej W. KACZOROWSKI

Andrzej W. KACZOROWSKI

Birth of the Agricultural Catholic Fellowship

From the beginning, authorities viewed the Church and the individual farming it supported – and which was dismantling the communist system – as the two main anti-establishment forces.

Karol NAWROCKI: Poland as a stabilising force
Karol NAWROCKI

Karol NAWROCKI

Poland as a stabilising force

The history of the 20th century is clear – the greatest atrocities were committed in Europe when Poland was not on the map.

Prof. Dana GOOLEY: The Great Improviser 
Prof. Dana GOOLEY

Prof. Dana GOOLEY

The Great Improviser 

Fryderyk Chopin’s true fatherland is the dream world of poetry – writes Prof. Dana GOOLEY.

Aleksander LASKOWSKI: Krzysztof Penderecki. Sacrum and avant-garde
Aleksander LASKOWSKI

Aleksander LASKOWSKI

Krzysztof Penderecki. Sacrum and avant-garde

By creating sacral works and presenting them in communist Poland, Krzysztof Penderecki became actively involved in the social and political movements that resulted in the overthrow of communism

Prof. Arkady RZEGOCKI: What is Poland?  A country of freedom and solidarity
Prof. Arkady RZEGOCKI

Prof. Arkady RZEGOCKI

What is Poland?
A country of freedom and solidarity

According to Gilbert Chesterton, the enemies of Poland almost always turn out to be also the enemies of magnanimity, valour and freedom. Paraphrasing this thought, we can say that the friends of Poland are almost always the enemies of tyranny, and the friends of freedom and solidarity.

Karol NAWROCKI: Guardians of foreign interests
Karol NAWROCKI

Karol NAWROCKI

Guardians of foreign interests

This September marks the 30th anniversary of the landmark event when the post-Soviet Russian forces withdrew from Polish territory. The long period of the foreign army protecting Moscow’s interests in our country came to an end. Its continued presence on our soil resulted from the enslavement that Poles associate with the outbreak of war and the Soviet invasion of 17 September 1939.

Łukasz KAMIŃSKI: The Prague Spring of 1968. The consequences of the invasion in Autumn
Łukasz KAMIŃSKI

Łukasz KAMIŃSKI

The Prague Spring of 1968. The consequences of the invasion in Autumn

We usually treat the Prague Spring and its military suppression as an episode in the history of the Cold War. In fact, which might seem surprising from today’s perspective, the intervention of the Warsaw Pact troops did not affect the process initiated still before 1968 of détente in the relations between the East and the West.

Prof. Piotr GLIŃSKI: Remembering is our duty
Prof. Piotr GLIŃSKI

Prof. Piotr GLIŃSKI

Remembering is our duty

On the morning of 1 September 1939, German planes dropped bombs that obliterated the All Saints’ Hospital in Wieluń, followed by a substantial portion of the town – a place with no strategic value, whose demolition marked the initiation of World War II.

Jan ROKITA: Murdered for human kindness
Jan ROKITA

Jan ROKITA

Murdered for human kindness

By law, every Jew in German-occupied Poland had to be handed over to the German authorities. Breaking this law meant a death sentence for the entire family.