Popołudniowe Espresso: Nominacje do Złotych Globów 2023
Popołudniowe Espresso

Popołudniowe Espresso

Nominacje do Złotych Globów 2023

Amerykańskie Stowarzyszenie Prasy Zagranicznej ogłosiło listę filmów nominowanych do Złotych Globów w 2023 r. Wręczenie nagród odbędzie się 10 stycznia 2023 roku. Galę poprowadzi komik Jerrod Carmichael, który zastąpi

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI: Imperiale Versuchung für Europa
Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Imperiale Versuchung für Europa

Die Union soll also zu einer großen Walze zur Uniformierung der europäischen Nationen gemäß einem für einzig richtig gehaltenen axiologischen Muster werden. Wir Mitteleuropäerinnen und Mitteleuropäer reagieren.

Prof. Renato CRISTIN: Europe must absolutely condemn communism and its related criminal ideology
Prof. Renato CRISTIN

Prof. Renato CRISTIN

Europe must absolutely condemn communism and its related criminal ideology

In 1945, nearly thirty years from the creation of the Soviet Union in 1917, communism, understood as a political regime and a state form, divided the European continent in two. Marked out by terror and blood, the boundary was like a deep wound that made the nations of Eastern Europe suffer, whilst the inhabitants of Europe’s western part were shocked.
A microcosm of this great geopolitical rift was the city of Berlin where the essence of the Iron Curtain was encapsulated by the Wall and where human drama and tragedy caused by communism could be observed as if under a microscope in a laboratory. In 1989, the Berlin Wall was pulled down thanks to the tenacity of the West led by the United States. This perseverance was embodied, both symbolically and physically, by Roland Regan and the great Polish Pope John Paul II.
For almost fifty years, communism kept the world and, consequently, Europe split into two blocs. Importantly, hostile behaviour was the domain of states or governments: social-communist on the one hand, liberal-democratic on the other.
Nations themselves remained mostly undivided as both in the East and the West they were traditionally (and especially from the beginning of the modern era) inspired by the principles which communism denied and suppressed: freedom understood as personal and civil liberty, freedom of religion and artistic creation, freedom of thought and expression, entrepreneurship and private property. Indeed, communist ideology is a huge and tragic gash in modern European history.
Today, thirty years after the fall of the Soviet Union and its satellite regimes, understanding the evil represented by communism can help bring the nations of Europe closer together. I believe that, once we decide to condemn communism irrevocably, as we were right to do in the case of National Socialism, the unanimous rejection of this non-liberal, anti-European, anti-Christian, criminal and inhuman ideology could strengthen relations both between people and the nations of Europe.
The Gordian knot of communism was never definitely cut either by European culture or politics. Only by solving the problem once and for all can we find the unifying element that is still missing in the positive dialectic among European parties represented in the European Parliament. Just as all European parties (with the exception of few and small neo-Nazi groups) stand united in their condemnation of National Socialism, so they should stand in their complete rejection of communism and its deadly ideology.
The problem is they do not, not now anyway. Unfortunately, we are still very far from such awareness and Europe is still torn internally by this disease of the soul which is communist ideology. In order to analyse its persistence in contemporary Europe, we must start with a straightforward question: why did we not treat communism in the same way as we treated National Socialism (which was the only right thing to do)?
When I equate the two systems, I want to emphasise both their criminal and genocidal similarities as well as differences in how they applied the methods of social control and mass extermination. I believe that it is precisely out of respect for the unique nature of the Shoah, that is the Holocaust, that we must also condemn communist crimes and genocidal killings unconditionally.
It is only when the matter is finally settled in all seriousness with no understatements, that communism can become a monster to be feared, a tragedy that must never be allowed to happen again. This may serve the purpose of uniting Europeans against their genuine common enemy (which is, of course, communism, but also the radical Islamism of today). We must make Europeans understand that communism is a virus, a foreign body in the midst of true European traditions and an enemy of Europe’s civilisation.
The final condemnation of communism should therefore be a political goal the EU must strive for. On the one hand, the nations of Eastern Europe expect a historical judgement which would prevent communism from returning in any form whatsoever to oppress them again, and on the other, western nations should get to know this ideology, be afraid of it and suppress its outbreaks in their respective countries.
Motivated by this line of thinking, last year, together with my late friend Vladimir Bukovsky, we drafted and made public a document calling for a Nuremberg trial of communism, a trial whose value would be not only historical but political and moral. Condemnation of crimes perpetrated in the name of communist ideology is a necessary step required by civil and moral conscience of people living in the free world. Our collective conscience should learn lessons from the unsolicited experiences of Central and Eastern European countries.
However, attempts to reach this goal have long met with a lot of resistance in Europe. The progressive world of culture and the media, in all its various forms, has always supported cultural Marxism. It has refused to equate communism with Nazism, limited its criticism to the so-called real socialism and offered communism a helping hand by presenting it as the ideal of goodness and justice.
This monstrous historical and theoretical lie made it possible to propagate communism in Europe and all over the world. It is now high time to expose it and tell the world the truth, allowing it perhaps to condemn this ideology forever.
The text is published simultaneously with the Polish journal of opinion „Wszystko Co Najważniejsze” as part of the project „We are telling the world about Poland”.

Mateusz MORAWIECKI: Guerra sconosciuta nel cuore dell'Europa
Mateusz MORAWIECKI

Mateusz MORAWIECKI

Guerra sconosciuta nel cuore dell'Europa

L’Europa centrale e orientale sa che, come le armature sono forgiate dal ferro, così la difficile storia delle nazioni fa indurire il carattere degli umani.

Mateusz MORAWIECKI: The Unknown War at the Heart of Europe
Mateusz MORAWIECKI

Mateusz MORAWIECKI

The Unknown War at the Heart of Europe

In the Communist bloc countries, everything was a kind of a game of pretense, one to be understood by only those who experienced oppression on a daily basis.

Michał KURTYKA: Solidarity and environment protection
Michał KURTYKA

Michał KURTYKA

Solidarity and environment protection

It is only by putting citizens and justice first that we can make the European Green Deal stand the test of time and avoid a multi-speed Europe. Energy transition offers an opportunity for EU member states to develop and exploit their full economic potential.

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI: Imperial tempting of Europe
Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Imperial tempting of Europe

Let us not forget that it was the resistance of the Poles and the Hungarians, peoples with an acute sense of national identity and freedom, that broke the “Eastern bloc.”.

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI: Tentación imperial de Europa
Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Prof. Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI

Tentación imperial de Europa

Cuando en 2007 estalló la crisis financiera, en el foco de crítica se encontraron los países del sur de Europa. Revivió entonces la creencia sobre profundas diferencias culturales que dividen la ascética, posprotestante Europa del Norte y la Europa del Sur, la sibarita, despilfarradora, que descuida las finanzas y el derecho.

Prof. François HARTOG: Rinascimento dell'Europa centrale
Prof. François HARTOG

Prof. François HARTOG

Rinascimento dell'Europa centrale

Per capire cosa influenza il destino dell’Europa centrale, vale la pena richiamare prima di tutto l’attenzione su due elementi che rappresentano l’esperienza di questa regione in un contesto specifico: Inhuman Land: Searching for the Truth in Soviet Russia 1941–1942 scritto da Józef Czapski e Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin di prof. Timothy Snyder.  Sia nel libro di Czapski che in quello di Snyder il destino dell’Europa centrale viene influenzato soprattutto dalla comunità di esperienze – il terrore, i crimini…

Prof. Renato CRISTIN: L'Europa deve assolutamente condannare il comunismo e la sua ideologia criminale
Prof. Renato CRISTIN

Prof. Renato CRISTIN

L'Europa deve assolutamente condannare il comunismo e la sua ideologia criminale

Nel 1945, quasi trent’anni dopo la nascita dell’Unione Sovietica nel 1917, il comunismo come regime politico e forma di stato divise il continente europeo in due parti, segnando con terrore e sangue un confine che, come una profonda ferita, fece soffrire i popoli dell’Europa orientale ed indignare i cittadini dell’Europa occidentale. Il microcosmo di questa grande ferita geopolitica era la città di Berlino, dove il muro rifletteva l’essenza della cortina di ferro e dove si potevano osservare, come sotto una…

Jarosław SZAREK: Sentiamo profondamente la comunità dei nostri destini
Jarosław SZAREK

Jarosław SZAREK

Sentiamo profondamente la comunità dei nostri destini

Un quarto di secolo dopo la fine della seconda guerra mondiale, a Danzica – la città dove era iniziata – sono stati sparati di nuovo dei colpi e sono state uccise delle persone. Questa volta le armi sono state usate dall’esercito e dalla milizia comunista per pacificare le proteste dei lavoratori contro l’aumento dei prezzi annunciato poco prima di Natale nel dicembre 1970. Oltre a Danzica, la rivolta si è estesa anche ad altre città portuali: Stettino, Gdynia ed Elblag…

Imre MOLNAR: Due parti del nostro Continente
Imre MOLNÁR

Imre MOLNÁR

Due parti del nostro Continente

Il comunismo nell’Europa centrale e orientale non è crollato, ma è semplicemente andato in bancarotta. I paesi occidentali hanno continuato a svilupparsi, mentre i paesi comunisti hanno esaurito le loro risorse per funzionare. Questo perché i regimi comunisti non hanno saputo adattarsi alla realtà in trasformazione e non sono mai stati pienamente accettati nelle società. Prof. Jenő Szűcs, uno dei più importanti pensatori dell’Europa centrale, scriveva che l’Europa era in modo naturale divisa in due parti: l’Occidente e l’Oriente. Due…

Bernard GUETTA: Il comunismo era impossibile da difendere
Bernard GUETTA

Bernard GUETTA

Il comunismo era impossibile da difendere

Negli anni Settanta ero giornalista del settimanale „Le Nouvel Observateur”, specializzato in movimenti dissidenti nei paesi del blocco comunista. Questo mi diede un’opportunità unica di vedere da vicino come appariva il comunismo nell’Unione Sovietica e negli Stati satellite. E osservandolo, notai un certo principio: che la storia del comunismo in Europa è di fatto la storia della sua caduta.  Ciò era dovuto al fatto che i regimi comunisti non furono in grado di gestire l’economia. In realtà, solo un programma…

Imre MOLNÁR: Two sides of our continent
Imre MOLNÁR

Imre MOLNÁR

Two sides of our continent

In Central and Eastern Europe, communism did not so much collapse as simply go bankrupt. While Western countries continued to develop, communist states exhausted their ability to function.